Samoyed, named after the tribe the develop the breed, Samoyed, was originally used to hunt and haul sledges for the Samoyed people. They were brought out of Siberia at the end other 19th century to pull sledges on Arctic expeditions. They were used as herding dogs in the Siberia area, herding reindeer. An alternate name for the Samoyed breed in Europe is Bjelkier (meaning “white dog that breeds white”). The strains of Samoyed in the United States and England are descendants of the veteran expedition sledge dogs.
The breed’s true versatility and hard working nature really shone through during expeditions. The loyalty Samoyeds have shown to their owners is unmatched in the canine community. They were used as draft animals because they consumed less than horses or oxen and could travel longer distances for longer periods of time without tiring. Their adaptability to the cold weather made them extremely sought after by explorers seeking to travel in the arctic and antarctic. Samoyeds are considered an “ancient breed” thought to date back to 3000-5000 years ago.
Samoyeds are belonging to the Spitz or Northern dog group, the have black or brown eyes, if they have blue they are unable to be shown competitively. Their ears are covered in fur and are an triangular shape. They are usually white but can have a brown tint to them. These even tempered dogs have a double layer coat, the topcoat has coarser hair while the undercoat is dense and soft, meant to keep the dog warm in the brutal cold of Siberia. The topcoat is meant to keep the undercoat clean and dry. Twice a year the Samoyed does something called blowing their undercoat, meaning they will shed a lot all at once. This doesn’t mean, however, they won’t shed the rest of the year because they do.
Samoyed have an extremely kind and loving disposition making them a very poor guard dog, but an excellent addition to any home! They are known for their happy expression known as their “Sammie Smile”. They do have a tendency to dark though allowing them to be a good watch dog. Even though the Samoyed has an arctic heritage they can adapted well to all climates, including hot and humid. As long as your Samoyed is a belove part of the family they will have no problem adapting to wherever you are.
Other Fun Facts
Samoyeds accompanied Roald Amundsen in his successful landmark reach of the South Pole in 1911.
Samoyed fur sweaters have been reported to handle temperatures well below freezing.
Personality: Smart, Friendly, Not Shy
Energy Level: Yes! Fenced in area is a must.
Shedding:Hypo allergenic, seasonally
Train-ability: Very smart! Very obedient! You can hurt her feelings with a glance, she just wants to play with you!
Height: 21-23.5 inches (male), 19-21 inches(female)
Weight: 45-65 pounds (male), 35-50 pounds (female)
Life Expectancy: 12-14 years
Barking: Barks when necessary
Good with Kids: Yes
Good with Dogs: Yes with supervision, plays rough.